What is a Soil Conservation District

STMARYSCONSERVATION smallSoil Conservation Districts are in every county in Maryland and in nearly every county and city across the nation. Our origins date back to the Dust Bowl Years of the 1930s when Congress—in response to the widespread damage caused by the loss of our nation’s top­soil—passed the Soil Conservation Act. This Act created for the first time a national program to control and prevent soil erosion and led to the birth of soil conservation districts—independent units of state government responsible for carry­ing out natural resource protection programs at the local level.

Today there are more than 3,000 soil con­servation districts in the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. District responsi­bilities have evolved over the last half century as our land use patterns have changed and the importance of addressing the environmental impacts of development activities and nutri­ent pollution in our waterways has come to light. We work with farmers, landowners and county governments to place conservation practices where they are needed most—on the farm fields, pastures and construction sites that can impact Maryland’s streams, rivers and the Chesapeake Bay.

What We Do

District AssistanceWe perform a range of conservation activities aimed at keeping the soil productive and our waterways clean and healthy. A typical soil conservation district office includes a manager, district conservationist, engineers, agricultural planners, technicians, soil scientist, urban reviewers and administrative staff. These professionals work with landowners to enhance farming operations, prevent flooding, safeguard streams and reservoirs, foster wildlife habitat, manage forest resources and address natural resource impacts from urban growth. Helping farmers install best management practices on their farms to protect soil and water resources and comply with environmental laws is a top priority. Districts also work with small horse farms and other livestock operations to help them manage manure more efficiently and improve pasture health. In addition, districts provide landowners and developers with information on soils and other natural resources, while assisting local governments with stormwater management and sediment and erosion control plans required by Maryland law.

A casual glance within your own community will attest to the work being performed by Maryland’s soil conservation districts. Farm fields and streams protected from erosion and nutrient runoff, new developments and shopping centers outfitted with special sediment and stormwater management controls and a strong, conservation-minded agricultural community are among the accomplishments of Maryland’s 24 soil conservation districts.

How We Work for You

Ag 1Each soil conservation district functions independently under a local five-mem­ber Board of Supervisors. This ensures that local natural resource issues are addressed. Although soil conservation districts typically occupy the same boundaries as counties, we are not part of county government. Our staff and operating budgets are funded through a combi­nation of federal, state and local assistance.

To carry out our mission, soil conserva­tion districts work with a number of local, state and federal agencies including county govern­ment offices, the Maryland Departments of Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources, the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and Farm Service Agency, the University of Maryland Extension, US Fish and Wildlife Service, US Army Corps of Engineers and state and federal legislators.

Become a Partner in Conservation

Ag 2Your soil conservation district is hard at work protecting natural resources and the quality of life for you and your family. But we can do an even better job with your help. If you are a farmer, become a cooperator with your local soil conservation district. Remember, we are not a regulatory agency. Districts work voluntarily with farmers to enhance farming operations and protect natu­ral resources. We specialize in helping farmers secure financial assistance to install agricultural best management practices that control soil erosion, manage nutrients, and protect water quality.

If you live on a smaller parcel of land, you can practice conservation by joining your local Tributary Strategy team, becoming an Earth Team volunteer, signing up for local environ­mental cleanup activities and educating yourself on sound conservation practices for home, lawn and garden projects. Call your local soil con­servation district today to become a partner in conservation.